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When is “stand-by time”, working time?
When is “stand-by time”, working time?

The European Court of Justice (ECJ) has given a Judgement in Ville de Nivelles v Matzak on whether stand-by time constitutes working time under the Working Time Directives.

Surveillance Cameras and Privacy at Work
Surveillance Cameras and Privacy at Work

Employers are having to walk a fine line between protecting their interests whilst also ensuring that they are not breaching their employees’ rights.

Working Time Regulations and ‘compensatory rest’
Working Time Regulations and ‘compensatory rest’

Under the Working Time Regulations (WTR) a worker is entitled to a 20 minute rest break away from their workstation if their daily working time exceeds six hours. However, there are limited circumstan

Bypassing Collectively Agreed Terms
Bypassing Collectively Agreed Terms

What can an employer do when its negotiations with a recognised union break down and they cannot collectively agree changes to terms?