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When is “stand-by time”, working time?
When is “stand-by time”, working time?

The European Court of Justice (ECJ) has given a Judgement in Ville de Nivelles v Matzak on whether stand-by time constitutes working time under the Working Time Directives.

Surveillance Cameras and Privacy at Work
Surveillance Cameras and Privacy at Work

Employers are having to walk a fine line between protecting their interests whilst also ensuring that they are not breaching their employees’ rights.